Get ready because you probably haven’t seen bureaucracy this dense before. It’ll be difficult, but if you follow all of the rules, you could potentially get several thousand euros back from your German pension, so it’s worth taking some time to figure it out. We’ve also tried to answer any questions you might have along the way!
First, several factors go into claiming a pension refund:
- How long you worked in Germany;
- How much your gross salary was;
- And, where you are currently living.
While writing this article, we worked with George, the CEO of Refund German Pension Insurance, a company that helps expats get their pension refund back.
He provided us with a fictional example to show how much someone could get back:
Shahid is a software engineer from Egypt who came to Berlin in April 2016. He stayed for a little over four years until the end of August 2020 (53 months in total). He earned an average gross monthly salary of 4.5k for this time before moving to Saudi Arabia. After filing for a pension refund, he can expect to receive about €22,200.
It’s only September 2021, so Shahid will have to wait until September 2022 to file for this refund since there is a mandatory 24-month waiting period. He will need proof of this as well from the German embassy in his country when filing.
Interested in knowing more about your pension refund? Contact Refund German Pension Insurance to find out:
- If you’re eligible;
- How much you refund would be.
They also provide a free estimate of how much your refund would be if you filed.
How do I file to claim my German pension?
1. Download and begin to fill out the V0900 form
First, you’ll need to fill out one of the following forms: V0901 (English / German), V0902 (French / German), or the original V0900 (only German). There are a few differences between the documents as we did, and while V0901 and V0902 should be acceptable for filing, we recommend using them to fill in the information for V0900
You can find these located on the Deutsche Rentenversicherung Website.
2. Section 5 — Insurance history
You might have been fine until this section, but then it asks you for all insurance documents. There was also probably a moment of panicked searching through that one binder of German documents you gathered throughout your stay.
You’ll need to request these documents:
- Versicherungsverlauf (insurance history) which you can request through the Deutsche Rentenversicherung (German Pension Insurance).
- A second Versicherungsverlauf (insurance history) with all insurances you had in Germany.
- You should also attach your Lohnsteuerbescheinigungen (income tax certificates) for each financial year you worked in Germany.
- You can request these from your employer(s).
If you’re insured under private or public health insurance at Feather, then you can request these documents by emailing us. We will provide you with proof of insurance along with proof of payment for the entirety of the time you were insured through us.
Important: if you answer “yes” to the question about gaps in insurance in section 5, you’ll need to fill out the additional form V0105 to include all timeframes where these gaps take place. This document does not come in languages other than German.
3. Creating a De-mail account
Most people filing for pension reimbursement no longer have a German address. Just the requirement that filing is done a minimum of 24 months after proof that you’ve left the country almost guarantees that you’d no longer have a mailing address.
Thankfully, there is a way around this. You can make a de-mail account with Web.de who partner with the German pension insurance. With this email, you can receive secure communication without needing a mailbox.
Please note: The registration requires a European address which would disqualify you from receiving the pension, so it’s a good idea to make this email before leaving Germany and save the credentials for when it’s time to apply.
4. Creating an online pension insurance account
A few of the documents you’ll need require a formal request from the German pension insurance. If you look closely, you’ll see that they don’t allow for a country or alternative address outside of Germany for this information.
To be able to request documents from them online, we suggest you make an account before leaving Germany to have the documents be sent to your De-mail account.
For more information, see their article on their online services.
So, is it really that hard?
Yes, it 100% is a difficult process which is why we’ve contacted Refund German Pension Insurance, a company dedicated to simplifying the pension reimbursement process for non-Germans. If you’re struggling with the pension reimbursement process or just haven’t prepared the documents in advance to start the reimbursement process, it might be worth it to contact them and see how much you could get back with their help.
For more helpful articles on insurance and life in Germany, see our blog! Otherwise, if you have any questions, feel free to drop a comment below, and we’ll do our best to answer your questions!
If you are filing for someone else, you’ll need to prove that you are legally allowed to do so. They accept proof through a power of attorney or a court mandate.
If the person you are filing for is deceased, you’ll need to attach a death certificate. Please note that this needs to be the original document. Notarized documents outside of Germany are not officially recognized.
Some certificates are also not recognized or must go through a “research process” by the German government to verify their validity.
We recommend starting the process for your pension refund application before you leave Germany. This will give you time to set up online accounts to enable a digital application process. You can see examples of this in steps 3 and 4 above.
Otherwise, the timeframes are as follows:
1. You have to work less than 60 months or 5 years in Germany to apply.
2. You have to have proof that you are leaving Germany (Abmeldung or deregistration)
3. After 24 months of moving to a Non-European country, you can submit the application
Pension reimbursement is only for people who cannot claim a pension when they reach the age of retirement and live outside of the European Union.
German pension insurance has a minimum of 5 years of contributions to be able to benefit from their retirement plan. This means anyone who contributes to German pension insurance for more than 5 years should be eligible to receive benefits.
You’ll need to go to the website of the German Pension Insurance (Deutsche
Rentenversicherung) to download the forms:
– V0900 [Everyone needs to file this]
– V0910 [Additional information to V0900]
– V0901 [Englsih / German cheat sheet for V0900]
– V0902 [French / German cheat sheet for V0900]
– German power of attorney [when filing for someone else]
– V0105 [For employment gaps]
– V0100 [Additional space for V0105]
– V0110 [Form to explain why employment gaps happened]
– Additional forms need to be downloaded depending on the reasons for employment gaps
Along with these forms from the website of the Deutsche Rentenversicherung, you’ll need:
– Visa and valid form of identification
– Proof that you have lived outside of Germany for at least 24 months
– Annual tax certificates from your employer(s) [Lohnsteuerbescheinigung(en)]
– A complete history of your insurance coverage while working in Germany
– A complete history of pension insurance from the German Pension Institution (Deutsche Rentenversicherung)
– Scanned health insurance card(s)